Guidelines for Authors
The Journal of Limnology publishes the following article types:
- Original Articles
- Short Communications
Manuscript will be carefully scrutinized for evidence of plagiarism, duplication and data manipulation; in particular, images will be carefully examined for any indication of intentional improper modification.
Any suspected misconduct ends up with a quick rejection and is then reported to the US Office of Research Integrity.
Ensure that your work is written in correct English before submission. Professional copyediting can help authors improve the presentation of their work and increase its chances of being taken on by a publisher. In case you feel that your manuscript would benefit from a professional a professional English language copyediting checking language grammar and style, you can find a reliable revision service at:
The Corresponding Author (multiple corresponding authors are not allowed) must submit the manuscript online-only through our Manuscript Submission System.
Authors are kindly invited to suggest potential reviewers (names, affiliations and email addresses) for their manuscript, if they wish.
Preparing your manuscript
Manuscript language and ethical compliance
Manuscripts should be in either British or American English consistently throughout. Check for consistent spelling of names, terms, and abbreviations, including in tables and figure captions. Ensure that your work is written in correct English before submission.
Manuscripts submitted must not have been published or accepted for publication in any other journal and must not be under consideration for publication anywhere else.
The manuscript publication must have been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out.
The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain written permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format, to credit the the source(s) in the article (for example: "Adapted from Gacia et al., J. Limnol. 2009;68:25-36; with permission"), and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. The editorial office of the Journal of Limnology needs to receive a copy of the written permission before proceeding with publication.
Please download here the "License and Disclaimer" agreement.
The manuscript has to be prepared and structured as follows:
The manuscript must be prepared with a standard word processor (preferably Microsoft Word or OpenOffice). Pages should be in A4 format and numbered. Times New Roman 12 pt is the advised font. Lines should be left numbered in continuum, to make the referees' work easier, and double-spaced.
Page 1: title of the contribution, full given name(s) and surname(s) of the author(s), mail address(es) and e-mail address for corresponding author, up to six key words, a condensed running head, number of tables and figures.
Page 2: abstract (between 350-400 words).
The body of the text beginning on page 3 should be organized as follows:
- Sub-heading(s) (if any)
- Sub-heading(s) (if any)
- Figure legends
When reporting results from DNA-based studies, Authors should ensure to have all permissions according to the Nagoya protocol.
Particular attention should be taken to ensure that manuscripts exactly adhere to the journal style. In particular, take into account the following notes:
- Names of plants and animals and occasional expressions in Latin, Greek or languages other than english should be typed in Italics.
- Authors must comply with the rules of biological nomenclature, as expressed in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, and the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. When a species name is used for the first time in an article, it should be stated in full, and the name of its describer should also be given. Descriptions of new taxa should comprise official repository of types (holotype and paratypes), author's collections as repositories of types are unacceptable.
- Genus and species names should be in italics.
- Formulas should be centered, marked in the margin with an Arabic numeral in brackets, and separated from the text above and below by a blank line.
- References to figures and tables should be indicated, for example, as follows: (Fig. 1); (Figs. 1 and 2); (Tab. 1); (Tabs. 1 and 2).
- Symbols and combined expressions must be presented using negative exponents. Examples are given below:
Each table should be numbered with Arabic numerals. It should have a title or explanatory legend at the top. Data may not be presented in both tabular and graphical form. Tables must fit the page vertically with a printed width of either 80 or 170 mm. Tables must be formatted as text, not as embedded images, and placed at the end of the manuscript.
The number of figures should be reasonable and justified: no more than 20% of the article. They must be numbered with Arabic numerals and placed at the end of the manuscript. Lettering must be provided by the author(s). Letters, numbers and symbols must appear clearly, but not oversized. A suitable final size for lettering is 2 mm after reduction of the figure. It is recommended that one uniform lettering size be used throughout the manuscript. Graphs and histograms should be two-dimensional and scale marks provided. All lines (including boxes) should be clear, but not too thick and heavy. Black and white figures, including drawings and maps, must be originals executed in black on a clean white background. Photographs should be of excellent quality, with clear details and sufficient contrast. Colored figures and graphs are accepted. Lettering of figures must be clearly labeled. Figures with different panels have to be grouped into a plate, and panels marked with letters.
In case of paper acceptance, figures and graphs must be submitted as .tiff or .jpg files, with the following digital resolution:
- Color (saved as CMYK): 300 dpi - maximum width 17 cm
- Black and white/grays: 600 dpi - maximum width 17 cm
MS Office files are also acceptable. Each figure should be clearly identified with figure number and author(s) name(s).
Scientific names: give the Latin names of each species in full and in italics.
Abbreviations should be defined at first mention (in the Abstract and in the first manuscript section) and used consistently thereafter.
Authors should comply with the rules of biological nomenclature, as expressed in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (http://iczn.org), the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (www.iapt-taxon.org/nomen/main.php), and the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (www.the-icsp.org/bacterial-code). When a species name is used for the first time in an article, it should be stated in full, and the name of its describer should also be given, with the style of each of the codes of nomenclature.
Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.
Cite literature in the text in chronological, followed by alphabetical, order and formatted like these examples: "Campbell (1983, 1987b)," "(Smith et al., 1984; Karl and Craven, 1988; Korobi, 1997, 1998)." In the References section, list citations in alphabetical, followed by chronological, order. All publications cited in the text should be listed alphabetically after first author.
- For a single author, references are to be arranged chronologically. If an author published several papers in the same year, they should appear as: White JH, 1970a. - White JH, 1970b.
- If all authors are identical for two or more citations, chronological order of publication should dictate the order of citations.
- Papers which are in press should be cited only if formally accepted for publication. In this case the year should be that of the acceptance and indicated in brackets: White H, Brown J, (1990). (in press).
- Journal citations should be abbreviated based on "World List of Scientific Periodicals" published by Butterworths, London. If the title of the journal is a single word do not abbreviate.
- Notations such as Vol., n., nr are superfluous and should be dropped.
- Citations such as personal communication, unpublished data, etc. are not accepted.
Some examples of correct citations are given below:
- Callieri C, Stockner JG, 2002. Freshwater autotrophic picoplankton: a review. J. Limnol. 61:1-14.
- Hutchinson GE, 1975. A treatise on limnology. 3. J. Wiley & Sons, New York: 660 pp.
- de Bernardi R, Giussani G, Lasso-Pedretti E, 1979. Food suitability and availability, demographic parameters and population growth in Daphnia obtusa Kurz under laboratory conditions. In: R. de Bernardi (ed.), Proc. Symp. Biological and Mathematical aspects in population dynamics. Mem. Ist. ital. Idrobiol. Suppl. 37:233-242.
- Muyzer G, Brinkhoff T, Wawer C, 1998. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) in microbial ecology, p. 1–27. In: A.D.L. Akkermans, J.D. van Elsas and F.J. Bruijn (eds.), Molecular microbial ecology manual. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
- Botosaneanu L, 1965. [Neue Trichopterologische fänge in Polen, Rumänien und Bulgarien].[Article in German]. Latvijas Entomologs 10:53-60.
We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote for reference management and formatting.
EndNote reference styles for Journal of Limnology is available here:
Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:
Any additional material that does not fit within the main body of the manuscript but that could be useful and relevant to have, such as further detailed information on methods, figures, tables, large datasets, videos, etc. is welcome as supplementary material.
Manuscript format for Short Communication:
A Short Communication is a concise report representing a significant contribution to limnology, which is however not suited as a full research article. It should not include subheadings (Introduction, Materials and Methods etc.) but should follow this pattern, if appropriate. The total length of the article should not exceed 2500 words in text with a maximum of 15 references and a total of 2 figures and/or tables. The Abstract should not exceed 100 words.
We encourage publication of all data in online repositories; accession numbers from those repositories should be explicitly provided in the manuscript. Compulsory publication of data is required for:
- DNA sequence data, for example in Genbank (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Genbank), ENA (www.ebi.ac.uk/ena), BOLD (www.barcodinglife.org), or others.
- description of new species of animals, using ZooBank (www.zoobank.org).
Authors are warmly encouraged to place all species distribution records in a publicly accessible database such as the national Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) nodes (www.gbif.org) or data centres endorsed by GBIF, including BioFresh (www.freshwaterbiodiversity.eu). Authors are encourage to make any other type of data available online, for example through: Morphbank (www.morphbank.net), Morphobank (https://morphobank.org), TreeBASE (www.treebase.org), BioModels (www.ebi.ac.uk/biomodels), or other repositories.
All manuscripts submitted to our journal are critically assessed by external and/or in-house experts in accordance with the principles of peer review, which is fundamental to the scientific publication process and the dissemination of sound science. The first step of manuscript selection takes place entirely in-house and has two major objectives: i) to establish the article appropriateness for the readership of our journal; ii) to define the manuscript priority ranking relative to other manuscripts under consideration, since the number of papers that the journal receives is much greater than it can publish. If a manuscript does not receive a sufficiently high priority score to warrant publication, the editors will proceed to a quick rejection. The remaining articles are reviewed by at least two different external referees (second step or classical peer review).
Authorship and Contributorship
All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship according to the COPE criteria. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship credit should only be based on substantial contributions to: i) conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data, and to ii) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and on iii) final approval of the version to be published; and iv) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Authors should provide a brief description of their individual contributions. Those who do not meet all four criteria should not be listed as authors, but they should be acknowledged. Those whose contributions do not justify authorship may be acknowledged individually or together as a group under a single heading. Authors can find detailed information on the Publisher's web site.
Changes in Authorship
If authors request removal or addition of an author after manuscript submission or during the peer-review process or at article acceptance, the journal editors should receive a letter clearly explaining the reason for the change. Authors are also requested to sign and send to the Editors a statement of agreement for the requested change from all listed authors and from the author to be removed or added. No changes to the Authors or Corresponding Author can be made after publication of the article, either as an “Advance Online Article” or in the regular issue. Instead, a corrigendum may be considered by the journal editor.
Protection of Human Subjects and Animals in Research
When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2013. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. An Informed Consent statement is always required from patients involved in any experiments. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. Further guidance on animal research ethics is available from the World Medical Association (2016 revision). When reporting experiments on ecosystems involving non-native species, Authors are bound to ensure compliance with the institutional and national guide for the preservation of native biodiversity. When reporting results from DNA-based studies, Authors should ensure to have all permissions according to the Nagoya protocol.