Response of Bosmina size structure to the acidification and recovery of lakes near Sudbury, Canada

  • Andrew L. Labaj | a.labaj@queensu.ca Queen's University, Canada.
  • Jennifer B. Korosi University of Ottawa, Canada.
  • Joshua Kurek Mount Allison University, Canada.
  • Adam Jeziorski Queen's University, Canada.
  • Wendel (Bill) Keller Laurentian University, Canada.
  • John P. Smol Queen's University, Canada.

Abstract

In response to biotic and abiotic cues, the cladoceran genus Bosmina can undergo changes in body size and appendage length and shape over successive generations. To improve our understanding of the environmental controls on Bosmina size structure, we used paleolimnological techniques to examine Bosmina size responses to the extreme acidification and metal contamination, and then subsequent chemical recovery, of lakes in the vicinity of mining and smelting operations near Sudbury, Canada. During the acidification period, Bosmina antennule and carapace length significantly increased in three of the five study lakes, while mucro length significantly decreased in four of the five lakes. However, despite the recent return to pre-impact pH levels, the size structure of the present-day Bosmina community still differs from the pre-impact size distributions. We suggest that the continued dominance of the food webs by small invertebrate predators (e.g., cyclopoid copepods) is responsible for the persistent changes to Bosmina size structure.

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Author Biographies

Andrew L. Labaj, Queen's University
PhD Student, Department of Biology, Queen's University
Jennifer B. Korosi, University of Ottawa
Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa
Joshua Kurek, Mount Allison University
Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Environment, Mount Allison University
Adam Jeziorski, Queen's University
Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Biology, Queen's University
Wendel (Bill) Keller, Laurentian University
Director, Climate Change and Multiple Stressor Aquatic Research, Living with Lakes Centre, Laurentian University
John P. Smol, Queen's University
Professor, Department of Biology, Queen's University
Published
2016-04-13
Info
Issue
Section
Lake Orta: a new lease on life
Supporting Agencies
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
Keywords:
Cladocera, Bosmina, paleolimnology, multiple-stressors, industrial contamination.
Statistics
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How to Cite
1.
Labaj AL, Korosi JB, Kurek J, Jeziorski A, Keller W (Bill), Smol JP. Response of Bosmina size structure to the acidification and recovery of lakes near Sudbury, Canada. J Limnol [Internet]. 2016Apr.13 [cited 2020Sep.19];75(s2). Available from: https://jlimnol.it/index.php/jlimnol/article/view/jlimnol.2016.1183