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Salinity and temperature are known to be important factors driving species richness and species composition in inland waters, but their effect and interaction are still not completely clear. In this paper we examine their interaction on species richness and species composition of planktonic rotifers in Turkey, controlling for other confounding effects. Eighty-four species of Rotifera belonging to 32 genera were recorded from eight sampling sites in Develi Plain (Middle Anatolia, Kayseri, Turkey), collecting repeated samples in different seasons (April, July, October and December 2007), and measuring water parameters (electrical conductivity, pH and temperature). Generalised Linear Models and Mixed Effect Models were used to disentangle the effect of the environmental parameters on species richness and composition. Temperature positively affected species richness as expected from previous studies. Whereas this effect was clear in the freshwater habitats (less than 1000 μS cm-1), it was not observed at all at higher salinities. Surprisingly, species richness significantly increased with salinity in subsaline waters between 1000 and 6000 μS cm-1. Species composition varied among sampling sites (accounting for 36.2% of total variation), but no other factors were found to be involved
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