Microbial food web in an oligotrophic high mountain lake (Jöri Lake III, Switzerland)

Abstract

Jöri Lake III (2512 m a.s.l., zm = 22 m, A = 57.81 ´ 103 m2, V = 601.1 ´ 103 m3) is situated in the Vereina region in the eastern part of the Swiss Alps. We studied microbial grazing on bacteria and bacterial productivity during the ice-free period. The lake normally gets thermally stratified for two months between July and September. In 1996, chlorophyll-a concentrations varied from 0.5 to 2.0 μg l-1 with maximum values just below the thermocline (6 m depth), in 1997, they were between 0.6 and 5.0 μg l-1 with maximum values at 10 m depth – several meters below the thermocline. Bacterial densities varied between 0.7 and 1.7 ´ 106 ml-1 with maxima in the thermocline, one to two meters above the chlorophyll maximum. The areal bacterial biomass (volume beneath 1 m2 to a depth of 8 m) was 10 μg C l-1 which remained more or less constant for the periods investigated. In 1997, bacterial growth rate and production rates were determined using [3H]-thymidine incorporation. The rates were as low as 0.002 to 0.006 h-1 and 0.01 to 0.03 μg C l-1 h-1, respectively. We found a carbon ratio of bacteria, phytoplankton, and autotrophic picoplancton (APP) of 1.5:1.1:1 which shows a rather high abundance of bacteria and autotrophic picoplankton (APP) compared to larger phytoplankton. Bacterial growth followed a temperature dependence similar to the one observed for bacteria from Lake Zürich, a prealpine and mesotrophic lake which was studied for comparison. Microbial food web in Jöri Lake III was not top down controlled during the periods of our study and mixotrophic algae like Dinobryon cylindricum var. alpinum and autotrophic nanoflagellates (ANF) were the dominant bacterial grazers observed.

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Published
1999-08-01
Section
Original Articles
Keywords:
alpine lake, microbial food web, bacterial growth rates, autotrophic picoplankton, mixotrophic algae
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How to Cite
1.
HINDER B, BAUR I, HANSELMANN K, SCHANZ F. Microbial food web in an oligotrophic high mountain lake (Jöri Lake III, Switzerland). jlimnol [Internet]. 1Aug.1999 [cited 23Jan.2020];58(2):162-8. Available from: https://jlimnol.it/index.php/jlimnol/article/view/jlimnol.1999.162

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