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Author Guidelines

To submit a paper to our journal:

  1. Register as an Author; we encourage you to register also as a Reader and a Reviewer at the same time.
  2. Follows the Instructions to authors below.
  3. Read our Editorial Policies and our Competing Interest policies

To submit a revised version:

  1. Log in
  2. Click on your role as Author
  3. Click on  IN REVIEW under the column STATUS
  4. Under the heading EDITOR DECISION, upload your revised paper as AUTHOR VERSION using Browse and Upload buttons
  5. Use the NOTIFY EDITOR email (envelope-shaped icon)  to inform editors that the revised version has been submitted

Manuscript language and ethical compliance

Manuscripts should be in either British or American English consistently throughout.  Check for consistent spelling  of names, terms, and abbreviations, including in tables and figure captions. Manuscripts submitted must not have been published or accepted for publication in any other journal and must not be under consideration for publication anywhere else. The manuscript publication must have been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.

Ensure that your work is written in correct English before submission
Professional copyediting can help authors improve the presentation of their work and increase its chances of being taken on by a publisher. In case you feel that your manuscript would benefit from an English language editing, you can find a professional and reliable service at:



Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain written permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format, to credit the the source(s) in the article (for example: "Adapted from Gacia et al.,  J. Limnol. 2009;68:25-36; with permission"), and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers.

The editorial office of the Journal of Limnology needs to receive a copy of the written permission before proceeding with publication. 

Please download here the 'License and Disclaimer' agreement.  


Authors are requested to suggest at least two potential reviewers (names, affiliations and email addresses) for their manuscript.

The manuscript has to be prepared and structured as follows:

Manuscripts must be written in English language only. 
The manuscript must be prepared with a standard word processor (preferably Microsoft Word or OpenOffice).
Pages should be in A4 format and numbered.
Times New Roman 12 pt is the advised font.
Lines should be left numbered in continuum, to make the referees’ work easier, and double-spaced.

Page 1: title of the contribution, full given name(s) and surname(s) of the author(s), mail address(es) and e-mail address for corresponding author, up to six key words, a condensed running head, number of tables and figures.

Page 2: abstract (between 350-400 words).

The body of the text beginning on page 3 should be organized as follows:




Sub-heading(s)  (if any)


Sub-heading(s) (if any)






Figure legends

Particular attention should be taken to ensure that manuscripts exactly adhere to the journal style. In particular, take into account the following notes:

  • Names of plants and animals and occasional expressions in Latin, Greek or languages other than english should be typed in Italics.
  • Authors must comply with the rules of biological nomenclature, as expressed in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, and the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. When a species name is used for the first time in an article, it should be stated in full, and the name of its describer should also be given. Descriptions of new taxa should comprise official repository of types (holotype and paratypes), author's collections as repositories of types are unacceptable.
  • Genus and species names should be in italics.
  • Formulas should be centered, marked in the margin with an Arabic numeral in brackets, and separated from the text above and below by a blank line.
  • References to figures and tables should be indicated, for example, as follows: (Fig. 1); (Figs. 1 and 2); (Tab. 1); (Tabs. 1 and 2).
  • Symbols and combined expressions must be presented using negative exponents. Examples are given below:


Each table should be numbered with Arabic numerals. It should have a title or explanatory legend at the top. Data may not be presented in both tabular and graphical form. Tables must fit the page vertically with a printed width of either 80 or 170 mm. Tables must be formatted as text, not as embedded images, and placed at the end of the manuscript.


The number of figures should be reasonable and justified: no more than 20% of the article. They must be numbered with Arabic numerals and placed at the end of the manuscript. Lettering must be provided by the author(s). Letters, numbers and symbols must appear clearly, but not oversized. A suitable final size for lettering is 2 mm after reduction of the figure. It is recommended that one uniform lettering size be used throughout the manuscript. Graphs and histograms should be two-dimensional and scale marks provided. All lines (including boxes) should be clear, but not too thick and heavy. Black and white figures, including drawings and maps, must be originals executed in black on a clean white background. Photographs should be of excellent quality, with clear details and sufficient contrast.

Colored figures and graphs are  accepted.

Lettering of figures must be clearly labeled. Figures with different panels have to be grouped into a plate, and panels marked with letters

Figures and graphs must be submitted as .tiff or .jpg files, with the following digital resolution:

  • Color (saved as CMYK): 300 dpi - maximum width 17 cm
  • Black and white/grays:  600 dpi - maximum width 17 cm

MS Office files are also acceptable. Each figure should be clearly identified with figure number and author(s) name(s).

Cite literature in the text in chronological, followed by alphabetical, order and formatted like these examples: "Campbell (1983, 1987b)," "(Smith et al., 1984; Karl and Craven, 1988; Korobi, 1997, 1998)." In the References section, list citations in alphabetical, followed by chronological, order.

Scientific names: give the Latin names of each species in full and in italics.


Abbreviations should be defined at first mention (in the Abstract and in the first manuscript section) and used consistently thereafter


Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.


All publications cited in the text should be listed alphabetically after first author.

• For a single author, references are to be arranged chronologically. If an author published several papers in the same year, they should appear as: White JH, 1970a. ... - White JH, 1970b. ...

• If all authors are identical for two or more citations, chronological order of publication should dictate the order of citations.

• Papers which are in press should be cited only if formally accepted for publication. In this case the year should be that of the acceptance and indicated in brackets: White H, Brown J, (1990). (in press).

• Journal citations should be abbreviated based on 'World List of Scientific Periodicals' published by Butterworths, London. If the title of the journal is a single word do not abbreviate.

• Notations such as Vol., n., nr are superfluous and should be dropped.

• Citations such as personal communication, unpublished data, etc. are not accepted.

Some examples of correct citations are given below:

  • Callieri C, Stockner JG, 2002. Freshwater autotrophic picoplankton: a review. J. Limnol. 61:1-14.
  • Hutchinson GE, 1975. A treatise on limnology. 3. J. Wiley & Sons, New York: 660 pp.
  • de Bernardi R, Giussani G,  Lasso-Pedretti E, 1979. Food suitability and availability, demographic parameters and population growth in Daphnia obtusa Kurz under laboratory conditions. In: R. de Bernardi (ed.), Proc. Symp. Biological and Mathematical aspects in population dynamics. Mem. Ist. ital. Idrobiol. Suppl. 37:233-242.
  • Muyzer G, Brinkhoff T, Wawer C, 1998. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) in microbial ecology, p. 1–27. In: A.D.L. Akkermans, J.D. van Elsas and F.J. Bruijn (eds.), Molecular microbial ecology manual. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Botosaneanu L, 1965. [Neue Trichopterologische fänge in Polen, Rumänien und Bulgarien].[Article in German]. Latvijas Entomologs 10:53-60.

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote for reference management and formatting.

EndNote reference styles for Journal of Limnology is available here:

Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

Supplementary Material

Supplementary tables and/or figures exceeding one page of original submitted file will be published on the online version only, as a separate file.

Biodiversity Data Publication

Authors are warmly encouraged to place all species distribution records in a publicly accessible database such as the national Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) nodes ( or data centers endorsed by GBIF, including BioFresh (

Protection of Human Subjects, Animals and Ecosystem biodiversity in Research

When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.   When reporting experiments on ecosystems involving non-native species, Authors are bound to ensure compliance with the institutional and national guide for the preservation of native biodiversity.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or OpenOffice document file format.
  3. The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); lines are left numbered in continuum;  all illustrations, figures and tables are placed at the end of the manuscript.
  4. We fight plagiarism: please understand that your article will be checked with available tools for discovering plagiarism.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal. Authors are required to carefully check the bibliographic requirements, being them modified from the original journal standards.
  6. I confirm that I have suggested at least two reviewers (names, affiliations and email addresses) for my manuscript (provided in the field "Comments for the Editors”).
  7. I understand that this journal charge an Article Processing Fee for publication. I confirm that I will pay the amount due whether my manuscript will be accepted for publication.

Copyright Notice

PAGEPress has chosen to apply the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 License (CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.

An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:

1. The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.
2. A complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: 1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. 2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. 3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.


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