The structure of planktonic communities of testate amoebae (Arcellinida and Euglyphida) in three environments of the Upper Paraná River basin, Brazil

  • Leilane T.F. Schwind Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Brazil.
  • Rodrigo L. Arrieira | rodrigoarrieira@yahoo.com.br Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Brazil.
  • Juliana D. Dias Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Brazil.
  • Nadson R. Simões Universidade Federal do Sul da Bahia, Brazil.
  • Claudia C. Bonecker Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Brazil.
  • Fabio A. Lansac-Tôha Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Brazil.

Abstract

Ecological communities are constantly restructuring in the short and long term in response to population dynamics and environmental variables. This study evaluated the structure of arcellinid and euglyphid testate amoebae planktonic communities in three environments of the Upper Paraná River basin, Brazil. We hypothesised that the community structure of testate amoebae is differentially influenced by environmental conditions, mainly in isolated lentic ecosystems, due the effect of the low-water period. In addition, we predicted that the response of testate amoeba communities to environmental changes is also affected by the distinct hydrodynamic characteristics of the environment. Plankton were sampled in the low- and high-water periods, and physical and chemical variables were calculated for each site. In order to evaluate the influence of environmental conditions on the variation in testate amoebae community structure over time, a time-lag analytical approach was used and significance was estimated using a Mantel test. A Kendall test coefficient was used to estimate the maintenance of species abundance on each day when sampling was carried out and for each water body. A redundancy analysis was also performed to assess the responses of testate amoeba communities to environmental change in the three studied environments. Bray–Curtis dissimilarity indices were calculated for the testate amoeba communities and the significance of the differences between communities was estimated using a Mantel test. Seventy-five taxa belonging to six families were identified. Environmental conditions influenced the richness, abundance, and dominance pattern of the testate amoebae communities, and distinct hydrodynamic characteristics of the environments affected the establishment of community structure.

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Author Biographies

Leilane T.F. Schwind, Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Department of Biology
Rodrigo L. Arrieira, Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Department of Biology
Juliana D. Dias, Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Department of Biology
Nadson R. Simões, Universidade Federal do Sul da Bahia
Department of Biology
Claudia C. Bonecker, Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Department of Biology
Fabio A. Lansac-Tôha, Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Department of Biology
Published
2015-08-13
Info
Issue
Section
Original Articles
Supporting Agencies
Programa de Pesquisa Ecológica de Longa Duração/Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, Núcleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia, Ictiologia e Aquicultura, Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Keywords:
Zooplankton, protozoa, environmental variability, community structure.
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How to Cite
1.
Schwind LT, Arrieira RL, Dias JD, Simões NR, Bonecker CC, Lansac-Tôha FA. The structure of planktonic communities of testate amoebae (Arcellinida and Euglyphida) in three environments of the Upper Paraná River basin, Brazil. J Limnol [Internet]. 2015Aug.13 [cited 2021May17];75(1). Available from: https://jlimnol.it/index.php/jlimnol/article/view/jlimnol.2015.1180