Ecological dynamics of two remote alpine lakes during ice-free season

  • Rocco Tiberti | fitibert@inwind.it Alpine Wildlife Research Centre, Gran Paradiso National Park, Italy.
  • Sabino Metta Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, ISAC-CNR, Italy.
  • Martina Austoni Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, ISE-CNR, Italy.
  • Cristiana Callieri Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, ISE-CNR, Italy.
  • Morabito Giuseppe Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, ISE-CNR, Italy.
  • Marchetto Aldo Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, ISE-CNR, Italy.
  • Michela Rogora Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, ISE-CNR, Italy.
  • Gabriele A. Tartari Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, ISE-CNR, Italy.
  • Jost Von Hardenberg Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, ISAC-CNR, Italy.
  • Antonello Provenzale Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, ISAC-CNR, Italy.

Abstract

We studied hydrochemistry and plankton dynamics in two remote alpine lakes: lake Nivolet superiore (2530 m asl) and lake Trebecchi superiore (2729 m asl) in the Gran Paradiso National Park (Western Italian Alps) in summer 2009. The aim of this study was to enhance the understanding of natural ecological dynamics in the pelagic habitat of alpine lakes by enlarging the number of biotic and abiotic variables usually considered to this end and by increasing the frequency of samplings, generally low in remote lakes. During the eight samplings performed in 2009, chemical and physical variables were measured both in situ and in the laboratory. We also followed the dynamics of all the compartments of the naturally simplified trophic chain of the two lakes from pico-prokaryotes to phytoplankton and zooplankton. Our results confirm the oligotrophic, close-to-pristine state of lake Nivolet and lake Trebecchi as they are not affected by hydromorphological alterations, they are naturally fishless and are not sensitive to acidification risk and acidity pulses. On the other hand, the two lakes have distinct abiotic conditions due to their glacial origin and to the lithological composition of their watersheds. We found some differences in the spatial variation of pico-prokaryotes, phytoplankton and zooplankton due to the different mixing regimes and maximum depth of the two lakes. Conversely, temporal patterns were similar in both lakes, related to ecological interactions and to changes in the abiotic conditions. The rapid succession of events in extreme ecosystems, such as the alpine lakes studied here, confirm the predominant role of external environmental factors (e.g. the duration of the ice-free season) and of ecological interactions among different trophic compartments. This research underlines the importance of seasonal niche partitioning among organisms with different size.

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Published
2013-05-29
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Section
Original Articles
Supporting Agencies
Gran Paradiso National Park and ISE-CNR, within EU FP7 IP ACQWA Project (Assessment of Climatic change and impacts on the Quantity and quality of WAter), Grant Agreement No. 212250
Keywords:
lake chemistry, bacteria, phytoplankton, zooplankton, Gran Paradiso National Park
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How to Cite
1.
Tiberti R, Metta S, Austoni M, Callieri C, Giuseppe M, Aldo M, Rogora M, Tartari GA, Von Hardenberg J, Provenzale A. Ecological dynamics of two remote alpine lakes during ice-free season. J Limnol [Internet]. 2013May29 [cited 2021May6];72(3):e33. Available from: https://jlimnol.it/index.php/jlimnol/article/view/jlimnol.2013.e33